Mybatis,foreach用法--对于list和array

foreach的主要用在构建in条件中,它可以在SQL语句中进行迭代一个集合。
foreach元素的属性主要有 item,index,collection,open,separator,close。
    item表示集合中每一个元素进行迭代时的别名,
    index指定一个名字,用于表示在迭代过程中,每次迭代到的位置,
    open表示该语句以什么开始,
    separator表示在每次进行迭代之间以什么符号作为分隔 符,
    close表示以什么结束。

在使用foreach的时候最关键的也是最容易出错的就是collection属性,该属性是必须指定的,但是在不同情况 下,该属性的值是不一样的,主要有一下3种情况:
    1. 如果传入的是单参数且参数类型是一个List的时候,collection属性值为list
    2. 如果传入的是单参数且参数类型是一个array数组的时候,collection的属性值为array
    3. 如果使用Map封装了,collection的属性值为对应的Key
    4. parameterType为list,java.util.List,java.util.ArrayList均可以,切记不可以为Array.

 建表语句和表的数据,以及范例如下:

第1种:
DAO:
public List<User> findByIdList(List<String> idList);
SQL:
<select id="findByIdList" resultMap="resultMap" parameterType="list">  <!-- parameterType="java.util.List" 也正确 -->
	SELECT
	<include refid="columnSql"></include>
	FROM t_user
	WHERE id in
	<foreach collection="list" item="id" open="(" separator="," close=")">
		#{id}
	</foreach>
</select>
2018-02-04 14:44:18,015 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (66277ms)] - ==>  
Preparing: SELECT id, username, password, sex FROM t_user WHERE id in ( ? , ? , ? ) 
2018-02-04 14:44:18,015 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (66277ms)] - ==> 
Parameters: 1(String), 2(String), 3(String)
2018-02-04 14:44:18,062 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (66324ms)] - <==      
Total: 3

第2种:
DAO:
public List<User> findByIdList(List<String> idList);
SQL:
<select id="findByIdList" resultMap="resultMap" parameterType="list">  <!-- parameterType="java.util.List" 也正确 -->
	SELECT
	<include refid="columnSql"></include>
	FROM t_user
	WHERE id in
	<foreach collection="list" item="item123" open="(" separator="," close=")">
		#{item123}
	</foreach>
</select>
2018-02-04 14:48:25,654 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (16876ms)] - ==>  
Preparing: SELECT id, username, password, sex FROM t_user WHERE id in ( ? , ? , ? ) 
2018-02-04 14:48:25,654 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (16876ms)] - ==> 
Parameters: 1(String), 2(String), 3(String)
2018-02-04 14:48:25,654 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (16876ms)] - <==      
Total: 3

第3种:
DAO:
public List<User> findByIdList(List<String> idList);
SQL:
<select id="findByIdList" resultMap="resultMap" parameterType="java.util.List">
	SELECT
	<include refid="columnSql"></include>
	FROM t_user
	WHERE id in
	<foreach collection="List" item="item123" open="(" separator="," close=")">   <!-- 这里collection="List"报错 -->
		#{item123}
	</foreach>
</select>
org.mybatis.spring.MyBatisSystemException: nested exception is org.apache.ibatis.binding.BindingException: 
Parameter 'List' not found. Available parameters are [list]

第4种:
SERVICE:
public List<User> findByIdList(List<String> idList) {
	Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
	map.put("List123", idList);
	return userDao.findByIdList(map);
}
DAO:
public List<User> findByIdList(Map<String, Object> map);
SQL:
<select id="findByIdList" resultMap="resultMap" parameterType="java.util.List">
	SELECT
	<include refid="columnSql"></include>
	FROM t_user
	WHERE id in
	<foreach collection="List123" item="item123" open="(" separator="," close=")">   <!-- 使用Map封装,key是List123 -->
		#{item123}
	</foreach>
</select>
2018-02-04 15:10:46,794 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (14878ms)] - ==>  
Preparing: SELECT id, username, password, sex FROM t_user WHERE id in ( ? , ? , ? ) 
2018-02-04 15:10:46,794 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (14878ms)] - ==> 
Parameters: 1(String), 2(String), 3(String)
2018-02-04 15:10:46,809 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (14893ms)] - <==      
Total: 3

第5种:
SERVICE:
public List<User> findByIdList(String[] idArray) {
	Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
	map.put("Array123", idArray);
	return userDao.findByIdList(map);
}
DAO:
public List<User> findByIdList(Map<String, Object> map);
SQL:
<select id="findByIdList" resultMap="resultMap" parameterType="array">  <!-- 这里使用array会报错 -->
	SELECT
	<include refid="columnSql"></include>
	FROM t_user
	WHERE id in
	<foreach collection="Array123" item="item123" open="(" separator="," close=")">
		#{item123}
	</foreach>
</select>
Caused by: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error parsing Mapper XML. 
Cause: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error resolving class. 
Cause: org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeException: Could not resolve type alias 'array'.  
Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: array

第6种:
SERVICE:
public List<User> findByIdList(String[] idArray) {
	Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
	map.put("Array123", idArray);
	return userDao.findByIdList(map);
}
DAO:
public List<User> findByIdList(Map<String, Object> map);
SQL:
<select id="findByIdList" resultMap="resultMap" parameterType="list">   <!-- parameterType="java.util.List" 或者 parameterType="java.util.ArrayList" 均正确 --> 
	SELECT
	<include refid="columnSql"></include>
	FROM t_user
	WHERE id in
	<foreach collection="Array123" item="item123" open="(" separator="," close=")">
		#{item123}
	</foreach>
</select>
2018-02-04 15:23:07,928 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (43730ms)] - ==>  
Preparing: SELECT id, username, password, sex FROM t_user WHERE id in ( ? , ? , ? ) 
2018-02-04 15:23:07,928 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (43730ms)] - ==> 
Parameters: 1(String), 2(String), 3(String)
2018-02-04 15:23:07,928 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (43730ms)] - <==      
Total: 3

第7种:
DAO:
public List<User> findByIdList(String[] idArray);
SQL:
<select id="findByIdList" resultMap="resultMap" parameterType="java.util.ArrayList">
	SELECT
	<include refid="columnSql"></include>
	FROM t_user
	WHERE id in
	<foreach collection="array" item="item123" open="(" separator="," close=")">
		#{item123}
	</foreach>
</select>
2018-02-04 15:32:44,682 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (21575ms)] - ==>  
Preparing: SELECT id, username, password, sex FROM t_user WHERE id in ( ? , ? , ? ) 
2018-02-04 15:32:44,682 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (21575ms)] - ==> 
Parameters: 1(String), 2(String), 3(String)
2018-02-04 15:32:44,682 -[DEBUG]  method:[com.springmvc.dao.UserDao.findByIdList (21575ms)] - <==      
Total: 3

 

    <sql id="columnSql">
        <trim suffixOverrides=","> <!-- suffixOverrides此时的作用是去除最后一个逗号 -->
            id,
            username,
            password,
            sex,
        </trim>
    </sql>

以上基于JDK1.8。日志为亲测。

 

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